Chemistry of Alcalic Chlorates /chm

This pages are about various reactions involving sodium or potassium Chlorate. Sodium (I) or Potassium (I) are two very similar ions so let me reffer to both NaClO3|chem and KClO3|chem as Chlorates unless I state otherwise.

Chlorates are powerful oxidisers, mixed with any fuel (like sughar, carbon, celulose), form highly reactive pyrotechnic substances. This Chlorate mixtures explode or burn very fast.

You are at chemistry section.


After a week of operation I left the liquor settle overnight. Now it sits in the freezes and hopefully some of the Chlorate crystals pop out.

I have got a sensible crop of Chlorate crystals. Considering the small volume of the cell is just 0.5l. Added more solid chloride and water and turned on the power.

As every weekend, I stopped the electrolysis extract some Chlorate. I am waiting for the liquor to settle. Them I will put it into freezer.

The cell liquor was in the freezes quite longer than necessary and lot of Chlorate crystalized! Good.

I stopped the electrolysis to filter out the sludge from the anode and to get some Chlorate out. Also the anode is sightly eroded by now but I have 8 more and they are cheap. The liquor is too black, so I poured it into a bottle called sedimentator |n.

Tento raz toho oveľa viac. Dokonca som musel rezervovať väčšiu nádobku. Bude z toho ohňostroj. Haha.

The cell was running for a week, then I was forced to stop it. I already prepared electrodes for two cells. I am busy at school, so it wont happen till next week.

Lots of Chlorate crystalized overnight. It is more black because I didn't have time to wait for the liquor to settle enough.

The cell is now running with the second anode, I waxed yesterday. Hope it will last long and give me lots of Chlorate per week. The second cell is waiting half finished, because I cannot remember where I put an copper wire, to make negative electrodes from.

I stopped the electrolysis to filter out the sludge from the anode and to get some Chlorate out. Also the anode is sightly eroded by now but I have 8 more and they are cheap. The liquor is too black, so I poured it into a bottle called sedimentator |n.

I milled the Chlorate crystals in my ball mill with steel balls and the results are amazing. After a day I got fine powder. To mill aluminium, lead balls are better however.

The first cell is running again with new anode and the second is almost done. Me is missing a piece of copper wire for the cathode. Aluminium can not be used because it forms complexes in alcalic environment that forms in the cell.

The Chlorate crystals are too big to be used in compositions. I cleaned my ball mill of aluminium powder. It is now milling the Chlorate crystals with lead milling media.

You can not mill Chlorate crystals with lead balls. The Chlorate crystals mill the lead balls. The test batch is black of lead and useless. I dissolved it and put into the bottle for junk electrolyte.

I can not find suitable copper wire for cathodes for the second cell. But. The cell no1 needs harvest, so I just fliped over the anode and cathode to the second cell. This way I do not have to stop process to get the Chlorate out. When the first cell is extracted, the second is ready for extraction and the other way around.

Not much precipitated from the no1 cell. It was about a week the no2 started. I do not think much will fall out from it, but I am going to try.

Usual amount of Chlorate precipitated in the freezer from the cell no1.


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